Headache due to COVID-19: how to differentiate it from other pathologies and what is its treatment

0
Headache is a common symptom in the initial phase of COVID-19 contagion
Headache is a common symptom in the initial phase of COVID-19 contagion

The pandemic by COVID-19 takes more than two years between us and the information we currently know is not the same as the information we were initially confronted with. the infections, the vaccination and various scientific studies have put on the table in an almost obligatory way the symptoms and sequelae left by the infection. So what are the differences between the Headaches driven by the SARS-CoV-2 and those arising from other pathologies. And, what for some is the most important, how to treat them.

Today we have more data available to know if we are suffering from SARS-CoV-2. However, doubts remain about the Headacheswhich also tend to occur in other pathologies such as migraine that meningitis. Therefore, it is essential to identify and differentiate this symptom to be certain and act accordingly.

The headache -a technical name given to these localized pains in the meninges, membranes that cover the brain- can be related to any kind of discomfort: there are about 150 different types. In any case, specialists divide them into two main categories, which are: high schools and the primaries.

Headache occurs in about 38% of infections (Getty Images)
Headache occurs in about 38% of infections (Getty Images)

headaches primaries are manifested in most cases and have criteria specific and defined; while the secondary ones can be given as consequence of other diseases affecting not only the head but also the other parts of our organism. The infectious disease doctor Elena Obieta (MN 76,451) spoke with Infobae and explained: “Headache is always a symptom subjectivealthough the one that is given by the COVID-19 is similar to any flu or respiratory symptoms: hurts behind of the eyes and it feels heaviness on the front. That is linked to the increase in body temperature. It has nothing to do with the headache of, for example, a meningitiswhich does not go away with anything and is accompanied by vomiting because it has other causes”.

Secondly, Obieta indicated that, in general, “the coronavirus encephalitis is managed quietly with paracetamol”, unlike other pathologies in which it is more complex fight the pain. “Another different example is that of the typical migrainewhich is preceded by what is called auras: feel a strange smell or feel nauseated. In general, the patient who suffers from migraine knows that she is suffering from it, ”said the professional.

Another common case, but different, is the one referring to headaches due to screen exposure that’s it bad position when using the computer: the discomfort is intense and is accompanied by a feeling of heaviness in the region of eyes.

There are 150 types of headaches, although the two main categories are primary and secondary
There are 150 types of headaches, although the two main categories are primary and secondary

In the words of Stella Maris Cuevas, otolaryngologist (MN 81701) and former president of the Association of Otolaryngology of the City of Buenos Aires (AOCBA), “Secondary headaches include the one associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. In these patients, the headache is very intense y aggravated by head movements in the presence of physical or chemical stimuli (noises, lights, smells)”.

“It can prevent sleep, it is oppressive or throbbing and it is usually located in the temporoparietal region (the temples), in the part of the forehead or periorbital (around the eyes). Headache appears only in the active phase of the disease, estimated to be present in 6.5% to 38% of COVID patientsand in many cases it is the initial symptom of the infection”, the expert had indicated to Infobae.

While adding: “This headache may also be accompanied by other ENT symptoms such as pain in the upper teeth, nasal blockage, facial pressure and significant purulent-type nasal discharge, as well as postnasal discharge and cough.”

Experts deepen studies related to post-covid symptoms, one of them is headache / (Photo: File)
Experts deepen studies related to post-covid symptoms, one of them is headache / (Photo: File)

Although in some cases it may be simple to treat and alleviate, this discomfort may be related to Persistent COVID or Long COVID. How? In 2022, a study carried out by the Headache Study Group of the Spanish Society of Neurology recorded that the 20% of patients who suffered from a headache in the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 developed a chronic headache that persisted until two months after infection. These experts also found that if the pain persists for thirty days, there is a 50% chance to do it for at least nine months plus.

“We found that in cases where the headache persists after 2 months, it is quite likely that it will remain present over time. We are convinced that if this symptom is addressed correctly from the beginning, many of the later problems will be avoided. Currently there are no therapies specific: most doctors treat post-coronavirus headache based on the similarity of symptoms with other primary headaches,” the study authors noted.

Various scientific studies found that headache is related to prolonged COVID: it can last for four months in some cases
Various scientific studies found that headache is related to prolonged COVID: it can last for four months in some cases

In the same vein, another recent scientific paper from the Medical College of Georgia, in the United States, published that fatigue and the headache were the symptoms that were most recorded in the cases of Long Covidpersisting for more than four months on average.

Maria Theresa Goicocheahead of the Fleni Headache Service in Argentina, had highlighted in conversation with Infobae that recent studies warn that “people who have a headache during the acute phase of COVID-19 may be in higher risk of developing persistent headaches after recovery. This risk should be taken into account by patients and the medical community so that headache treatment after infection can be offered in a timely manner.

KEEP READING

COVID, flu or cold? How to differentiate the symptoms of diseases

“The bivalent vaccines against COVID represent the way out of the pandemic,” said Moderna’s scientific director for Latin America

Headaches affect more than 50% of the world’s population.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here