The government of Norwaythe guarantor country of the process, confirmed this Thursday that the regime of Nicolás Maduro and the Venezuelan opposition Negotiations will resume this Saturday. in Mexico, after a year of freezing, in search of a way out of the economic, social and political crisis of the Caribbean nation.
“Norway announces that the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and the Unitary Platform of Venezuela have decided restart the negotiation process in Mexico on November 26, provided by Norway. There, the parts will sign a partial agreement on social matters”, indicated the Norwegian government on Twitter.
In the dialogues, once again under Norwegian facilitation, the presidential elections, the status of hundreds of political prisoners, the United States sanctions and a “social agreement” to provide humanitarian aid and with which they would seek to use 3,000 million will be covered. dollars through a fund administered by the United Nations.
The Venezuelan opposition, meeting in the unitary platformindicated his “willingness to work together, in order to reach agreements that allow the mechanisms that ensure the well-being of all Venezuelans to materialize; understanding that there will be no real way out of the crisis without a comprehensive political agreement that provides solutions for our people”.
“We Venezuelans have suffered the consequences of the absence of human rights guarantees and of institutional mechanisms that provide solutions to our needs. For this reason, this Delegation resorts to the process of dialogue and negotiation with urgency and the desire to find, once and for all, tangible and real agreements that translate into solutions for the humanitarian crisis, respect for human rights, compliance with the Rule of Law and, especially, the construction of conditions and institutions that guarantee -among other things- free and observable elections”, the opposition arch to Chavismo delimited in a statement.
And he concluded: “We appreciate the interest and support that different governments of friendly countries have maintained to make this restart possible. We count on that support from the international community to continue and intensify throughout the process. We will keep Venezuelan society informed of the agreement during the next negotiation cycles. It is our goal that the results of the process are translated into concrete actions that help solve the needs of all Venezuelans”.
The resumption of the dialogue has been repeatedly delayed over disagreements over termsespecially those related to the elections, a topic that will be discussed in future meetings, as well as the origin of the funds for the social plan, according to two of the sources consulted by the agency Reuters.
The government of Joe Biden has reason to grant a broader license to Chevron with US shale production earnings slowing, Russia’s oil exports shrinking due to sanctions and Saudi Arabia signaling the potential for further production cuts from OPEC.
Washington had noted that any relaxation of sanctions, including granting Chevron a broad license to restart oil production and regain trade privileges in Venezuela, would only occur if both parties had made progress in political conversations.
Several opposition parties have warned that they are likely to withdraw their support for the interim government in 2023. Juan Guaido, backed by the United States. This causes the resumption of conversations is crucial for the sectorwhich has been diminished by the exile and imprisonment of some of its leaders as well as internal fractures.
The dialogue between the regime and the opposition was suspended in October 2021 after the Colombian businessman was extradited to the United States Alex Saaban ally of Venezuelan dictator Nicolás Maduro, on money laundering charges.
Maduro has indicated on several occasions that in order to negotiate with the opponents again, they would have to lift all sanctions, among other conditions. The opposition has asked guarantees for the presidential electionsscheduled for the end of 2023 or 2024, although spokesmen for Chavismo have not ruled out advancing them.
The United States government released two relatives of the Venezuelan first lady who were in a prison in the country on drug trafficking charges. Maduro also released six former executives of the US refiner Citgo Petroleum, a subsidiary of the state-owned PDVSA.
(With information from Reuters)